Jevons Family Papers
Date range: 1799-1959
Papers of the Jevons family, especially William Stanley Jevons (1835-1882), a highly influential economist and logician, credited with the introduction of the economic theory of marginal utility in Britain.
William Stanley Jevons was a true polymath, whose research spanned many disciplines. His outstanding contributions were in the fields of economics and logic (he has been described as the founder of mathematical economics), but his published writings also encompassed chemistry, meteorology, geology, astronomy, geometry, physiology, sociology and the philosophy of science.
W. S. Jevons's papers comprise over 600 letters from family, relations, colleagues and academic associates, including:
- Charles Babbage, mathematician and inventor of the Difference Engine calculating machine;
- Walter Bagehot, economist, political analyst and journalist;
- George Bentham, botanist;
- George Boole, mathematician and logician;
- John Bright, reforming orator and statesman;
- William Ewart Gladstone, prime minister;
- Robert Harley, mathematician;
- Sir John Herschel, astronomer and chemist;
- Alfred Marshall, economist;
- James Martineau, Unitarian divine;
- John Stuart Mill, philosopher and economist;
- Henry Enfield Roscoe, Professor of Chemistry at Owens College, 1857-1886;
- Alfred Lord Tennyson, poet.
There are also diaries, notebooks and photograph albums recording Jevons’s activities and career in Australia, when he was employed as assayer at the Sydney mint and also carried out detailed social surveys of the city’s slums, 1854-59; research notes; and manuscript drafts and copies of his many printed works.
There are papers relating to about 40 other members of the Jevons family, including material relating to William Stanley Jevons's father, Thomas Jevons (1791-1855), a businessman and inventor; the latter's eldest daughter Lucy Ann (1830-1910); Harriet Ann (1838-1910), wife of William Stanley Jevons; and their son Herbert Stanley Jevons (1875-1955); and to another twenty members of the related Roscoe, Taylor, Boyce and Scott families.
In 2003 the Library purchased a small collection of letters from W. S. Jevons to his cousin Henry Enfield Roscoe; four of the letters were written while Jevons was working at the Sydney Mint in the 1850s.
There are a further eight autograph letters from Jevons to George Howard Darwin, the Cambridge mathematician and astronomer. The majority of these letters are not recorded in the published editions of Jevons’s correspondence by Professor R. D. C. Black (1922–2008), whose working papers the Library also acquired in 2002.
The Jevons archive is of great value for a wide range of topics including: the history of economic theory, logic, Unitarianism, meteorology, photography and the history of settlement in New South Wales, Australia.
- Catalogue available online via ELGAR.
- P. McNiven, 'Handlist of the Jevons Archives in the John Rylands University Library of Manchester', Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester, vol. 66 (1983-4), pp. 213-55.
Images of the Jevons photograph albums are available via Manchester Digital Collections.
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