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Max Gluckman Papers

Date range: 1950–71.

(Herman) Max Gluckman was Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Manchester from 1949 until his death in 1975, and an important figure in the development of the discipline of social anthropology.

Influenced by functionalist theories, Gluckman’s early work centred on social and racial relations in southern Africa.

After moving to Manchester, he built up a highly successful department, developing a distinctive approach to his discipline, known as the ‘Manchester School’. This was based on individual case studies, and took a conflict theory approach to social and kinship relations.

Gluckman also made original contributions to anthropological jurisprudence, most notably through his studies of tribal law in Zambia: The Judicial Process among the Barotse (1955) and The Ideas in Barotse Jurisprudence (1965).

Gluckman’s papers include correspondence with other anthropologists on professional and research matters, including Raymond Firth (1901–2002), E.E. Evans-Pritchard (1902–1973), A. Radcliffe-Browne (1881–1955), J. Clyde Mitchell (1918–1995), Victor Turner (1920–1983), and Elizabeth Colson (b. 1917).

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