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Kinder Collection

Date range: c.1966–97.

A. Gordon Kinder (1927–97) was one of the leading twentieth-century writers on Spanish Nonconformity in the early modern period.

He believed that evangelical Protestantism was alive in Spain during the Reformation era, even if restricted in scope and numbers, and he sought to promote this view through his research and writings.

He gained a Ph.D. from Sheffield University in 1971, on ‘Three Spanish reformers of the sixteenth century: Juan Pérez, Casiodoro de Reina, Juan de Valdés’. Ten years later he was offered the post of Honorary Lecturer (eventually Honorary Senior Research Fellow) in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese Studies at the University of Manchester, while he spent over thirty years teaching at Sale Grammar School in Cheshire.

The printed element of the Kinder Collection is largely virtual: parts i and ii of the handlist constitute an invaluable bibliography of books and articles relating to Spanish Nonconformity, European religious history, and Spanish literature in the early modern period. Although the majority of these items are held by the JRUL, they are dispersed among other collections.

The archival element of the Kinder Collection (part iii) is the product of his twenty years’ research in the archives of Europe.

Kinder kept notebooks and cards detailing his research, and photocopied hundreds of original documents, especially Inquisition records in the Archivo Histórico Nacional (Madrid) and the Archivo General de Simancas (Valladolid); he also transcribed many of those documents. There are also drafts of Kinder’s writings, and academic correspondence.

The bulk of the collection concerns sixteenth-century Spanish Nonconformity and related areas of study such as the European Protestant and Catholic Reformations, radical reformers, and Spanish Golden Age religious literature. 

Students of the religious history of Italy and the Low Countries will also find relevant material in the collection because of the cultural connections between Spain and those regions during this period.

Finding aids

  • Online handlist.
  • Nigel Griffin, ‘A. Gordon Kinder (1927–1997)’, Bulletin of Hispanic Studies,vol. 75, no. 3 (1998), pp. 379–94.


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