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James Hutton (1715-1795)

James Hutton was born in London, the son of an Anglican minister who had at one time been a neighbour of Samuel Wesley junior.

Hutton was converted by John Wesley in 1735, and was only prevented by the terms of an apprenticeship from accompanying the Wesleys to Georgia.

In 1736-37, he established his own book-selling and printing business based at a shop in Westminster known as the Bible and Sun. He published many of the Wesleys' early works and his premises became an early meeting place of the group which later became the Fetter Lane Society.

Hutton joined the Moravian Church in 1739 following a visit to Germany and parted with the Wesleys on bad terms. They were eventually reconciled in the 1770s.

Hutton remained prominent in Moravian affairs and in 1741 helped to found the Society for the Furtherance of the Gospel. He married the daughter of a German Moravian minister and visited Switzerland on several occasions to help promote the work of the Church.

Source: Encyclopedia of World Methodism (1974) and  Dictionary of Evangelical Biography, edited by Donald Lewis (1995)

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